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Symptoms Kidney Failure
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Diet In Chronic Renal Failure

Symptoms Of Chronic Renal Failure

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Home  »  CRF (Chronic Renal Failure)

CRF (Chronic Renal Failure)


Q1 - What is CRF?
Q2 - What causes kidney failure?
Q3 - Who is at a risk of CRF?
Q4 - What are the symptoms of kidney failure?
Q5 - How is kidney failure diagnosed?
Q6 - Diet in CRF?
Q7 -What is the role of homoeopathy in CRF?


CRF Overview
The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs that lie on either side of the spine in the lower middle of the back.

The kidneys process about 200 liters of blood every day and produce about two liters of urine. The waste products are generated from normal metabolic processes including the breakdown of active tissues, ingested foods, and other substances. The kidneys allow consumption of a variety of foods, drugs, vitamins and supplements, additives, and excess fluids without worry that toxic by-products will build up to harmful levels. The kidney also plays a major role in regulating levels of various minerals such as calcium, sodium, and potassium in the blood.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD), also known as chronic renal disease, is a progressive loss in renal function over a period of months or year. It slowly gets worse over time. In the early stages, there may be no symptoms. The loss of function usually takes months or years to occur. It may be so slow that symptoms do not occur until kidney function is less than one-tenth of normal.

The final stage of chronic kidney disease is called end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The kidneys no longer function and the patient needs dialysis or a kidney transplant.

What is CRF/CKD (Chronic Renal Failure)?
Chronic kidney disease occurs when one suffers from gradual and usually permanent loss of kidney function over time. This happens gradually, usually months to years. The term "renal" refers to the kidney, so another name for kidney failure is "renal failure." Mild kidney disease is often called renal insufficiency.

Chronic loss of function causes generalized wasting (shrinking in size) and progressive scarring within all parts of the kidneys. In time, overall scarring obscures the site of the initial damage. Yet, it is not until over 70% of the normal combined function of both kidneys is lost that most patients begin to experience symptoms of kidney failure.

Often, chronic kidney disease is diagnosed as a result of screening of people known to be at risk of kidney problems, such as those with high blood pressure or diabetes and those with a blood relative with chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease may also be identified when it leads to one of its recognized complications, such as cardiovascular disease, anemia or pericarditis.

Chronic kidney disease is identified by a blood test for creatinine. Higher levels of creatinine indicate a falling glomerular filtration rate and as a result a decreased capability of the kidneys to excrete waste products. Creatinine levels may be normal in the early stages of CRF, and the condition is discovered if urinalysis (testing of a urine sample) shows that the kidney is allowing the loss of protein or red blood cells into the urine.

Table 1. Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease
Stage Description GFR*
mL/min/1.73m2
1 Slight kidney damage with normal or increased filtration More than 90
2 Mild decrease in kidney function 60-89
3 Moderate decrease in kidney function 30-59
4 Severe decrease in kidney function 15-29
5 Kidney failure Less than 15 (or dialysis)
*GFR is glomerular filtration rate, a measure of the kidney's function

What causes kidney failure?
The cause for CRF sometimes can be determined by a detailed medical history, a comprehensive physical examination, and laboratory studies. More often than not, determining the cause of CRF is difficult if not impossible
  • The most common causes of CKD are diabetic nephropathy, hypertension, and glomerulonephritis. Together, these cause approximately 75% of all adult cases.
  • Use of analgesics such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) and ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) regularly over long durations of time can cause analgesic nephropathy, another cause of kidney disease. Certain other medications can also damage the kidney
  • Clogging and hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) leading to the kidneys causes a condition called ischemic nephropathy, which is another cause of progressive kidney damage
    Less common causes of chronic renal failure include :
    • Polycystic kidney disease,
    • Reflux nephropathy,
    • Kidney stones, and
    • Prostate disease.
  • On rare cases, pin worms infecting the kidney can also cause idiopathic nephropathy

Who Is At a Risk For CRF?
If you have any of the following conditions, you are at higher-than-normal risk of developing chronic kidney disease. Your kidney functions may need to be monitored regularly.
  • Diabetes mellitus type 1 or 2
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Heart disease
  • Liver disease
  • Amyloidosis
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Systemic Lupus erythematosus
  • Vascular diseases such as arteritis, vasculitis, or fibromuscular dysplasia
  • Vesicoureteral reflux (a urinary tract problem in which urine travels the wrong way back toward the kidney)
  • Require regular use of anti-inflammatory medications
  • A family history of kidney disease

What are the symptoms of kidney failure?
CKD is initially without specific symptoms and can only be detected as an increase in serum creatinine or protein in the urine. As the kidney function decreases. Because the kidneys perform so many functions for the body, kidney disease can affect the body in a large number of different ways. Symptoms vary greatly. Several different body systems may be affected. Notably, most patients have no decrease in urine output even with very advanced chronic kidney disease.

Effects and symptoms of chronic kidney disease include :
  • Need to urinate frequently, especially at night (nocturnal);
  • Swelling of the legs and puffiness around the eyes (fluid retention);
  • High blood pressure;
  • Fatigue and weakness (from anemia or accumulation of waste products in the body);
  • Loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting;
  • Itching, easy bruising, and pale skin (from anemia);
  • Shortness of breath from fluid accumulation in the lungs;
  • Headaches, numbness in the feet or hands (peripheral neuropathy), disturbed sleep, altered mental status (encephalopathy from the accumulation of waste products or uremic poisons), and restless legs syndrome;
  • Bleeding (due to poor blood clotting);
  • Inability to excrete potassium and rising potassium levels in the serum (hyperkalemia) is associated with fatal heart rhythm disturbances (arrhythmias) including ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation.
  • Generalized weakness may be due to anemia.
  • Bone pain and fractures; and
  • Loss of appetite, lethargy, and fatigue
  • Chest pain due to pericarditis (inflammation around the heart);
  • Decreased sexual interest and erectile dysfunction

How is kidney failure diagnosed?
Diagnosis of kidney failure is confirmed by blood tests measuring the buildup of waste products in the blood. BUN, creatinine, and GFR are routine blood tests used to measure the buildup of waste products in the blood. BUN and creatinine become elevated, and the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) decreases. This is the rate with which blood is filtered through the kidneys and can be calculated based upon the creatinine level, age, race, and gender.

Abdominal ultrasound is commonly performed, in which the size of the kidneys are measured. Kidneys with CKD are usually smaller (< 9 cm) than normal kidneys with notable exceptions such as in diabetic nephropathy and polycystic kidney disease.

Diet in CKD?
Diet is an important consideration for those with impaired kidney function. Consultation with a dietician may be helpful to understand what foods may or may not be appropriate.

Since the kidneys cannot easily remove excess water, salt, or potassium, these may need to be consumed in limited quantities. Foods high in potassium include bananas, apricots, and salt substitutes.

Phosphorus is a forgotten chemical that is associated with calcium metabolism and may be elevated in the body in kidney failure. Too much phosphorus can leech calcium from the bones and cause osteoporosis and fractures. Foods with high phosphorus content include milk, cheese, nuts, and cola drinks.

What is the role of homoeopathy in CRF (chronic renal failure)?
As described in the article above CRF (chronic renal failure) has multifactor ail causes leading to form a complex disease sate involving multiple organs. Homoeopathy follows an individualistic approach towards patients suffering from CRF (chronic renal failure) we believe that every individual is different and thus a full in-depth case study is the first step. Then referring to the risk factors the individual was subjected too, a particular line of treatment is adopted. The usual conventional treatment provides only palliation, with time transplant in most cases is the only option left. On the other hand our deep acting constitutional medicine cure the disease in depth helping by reving the lost renal functions. A broad criterion of how the homoeopathic medicines act in cases of CRF (chronic renal failure) is mentioned below. The response to treatment can differ from one individual to another depending upon the disease state. Patients are advised to consult so that the mode of treatment can be discussed pertaining to their particular case
  • Relieving Symptoms
  • Preventing any further rise in creatinine and urea level in blood
Relieving Symptoms : Homoeopathic medicines help by relieving symptoms like
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Bone pains
  • Lethargy
  • Dyspepsia
  • Belching
  • Abdominal Blotting
Preventing any further rise in creatinine and urea level in blood :
Homoeopathic treatment helps by improving the kidneys by reviving the lost function preventing any further rise in serum creatinine levels. Even in patients undergoing dialysis our treatment offers great results by first increasing the duration between two dialysis and then over period of time no dialysis will be required.
  • If homoeopathic treatment is sought early it helps in preventing the progress of disease and preventing any complications
  • We at DRSS provide our patients with diet charts, exercise schedules and guide them how to modify their lifestyle so that better results can be achieved.
  • Our medicines can be started with conventional treatment depending upon the disease state and case.
  • Homoeopathic medicines if taken under proper guidance from a well-qualified professional are extremely safe and have no side effects.





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