Crohns Diseases Overview
disease, also known as granulomatous enteritis and colitis, is an
inflammatory disease of the intestines that may affect any part of the
gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus, causing a wide variety of
It primarily causes abdominal pain, diarrhea (which may be bloody if
inflammation is at its worst), vomiting, or weight loss, but may also cause
complications outside of the gastrointestinal tract such as rashes,
arthritis, inflammation of the eye, tiredness, and lack of concentration.
Crohn's disease is thought to be an autoimmune disease, in which the body's
immune system attacks the gastrointestinal tract, causing inflammation; it
is classified as a type of inflammatory bowel disease. There has been
evidence of a genetic link to Crohn's disease, putting individuals with
siblings afflicted with the disease at higher risk It is understood to have
a large environmental component as evidenced by the higher number of cases
in western industrialized nations. Males and females are equally affected.
Smokers are three times more likely to develop Crohn's disease.